Prevalence and Factors Associated with Contraceptive Use Among Kenyan Women Aged 15-49 Years
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Uptake of contraceptives is generally low in low-income settings. For women with HIV, contraception is a reliable and affordable method of minimizing vertical transmission. We investigated the factors that affect contraceptive use among Kenyan women using data collected during the Kenya Demographic & Health Survey (KDHS) of 2014. Data on contraceptive use were extracted from the 2014 KDHS database. Records of 31,079 Kenyan women of reproductive age (15-49 years) were analyzed. Frequencies were calculated; cross-tabulations and bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Twelve thousand thirty-two women (39%) reported using a contraceptive method. Region, religion, education, number of living children, marital status, and prior testing for HIV were significantly associated with contraceptive use among women (P < 0.001). Social, economic, and demographic factors predict contraceptive use among Kenyan women and should be addressed in order to increase contraceptive uptake.
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