The Epidemiology of Addiction in Sub-Saharan Africa
Crome, I B.
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Use of alcohol and other psychoactive substances is associated with serious social and public health problems,but the extent of the problem in Sub-Saharan Africa is not well known. We set out to review epidemiological publications on alcohol andotherpsychoactivesubstancesinSub-SaharanAfricaby performing a systematic search of electronic databases and paper records.Ten Sub-Saharan African countries are among the 22 in the world with the highest increase in per capita alcohol consumption. Cannabis, tobacco, and khat are widely used, and use of cocaine, stimulants, and heroin is increasing. More epidemiological research and implementation and evaluation of interventions is needed. Collaboration between African researchers and those in developed countries could help. (AmJAddict2011;20:87–99)
CitationAddiction Psychiatry in Sub-Saharan Africa March–April 2011
University of Nairobi School of Medicine,1 Keele University Medical School (Harplands Campus)3Keele University Medical School, St George’s Hospital
The Epidemiology of Addiction in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Synthesis of Reports,Reviews,and Original Articles