Determinants of students' performance at National examinations (KCSE) in public and private secondary schools in Central Division, Machakos District, Kenya
Poor performance of students in KCSE examinations have been a concern for education stakeholders for a long time. This has been particularly been brought about by the glaring difference between KCSE performance in public and private schools. Various reasons have been listed as the causes of poor performance. It is against this background that this study purposely sought to determine how physical facilities, teaching and learning resources, students' socio- economic background and parents' participation in student activities affect the performance of students in KCSE examinations. The problem of the study was that if these factors that cause poor students' performance are not treated with the urgency they deserve, there will be wastage of resources and time, overburdening of parents, no further academic mobility, lack of job opportunities and mediocrity of the students. The major objective of the study was to investigate the determinants of students' performance at national examinations (KCSE) in public and private secondary schools in Central Division, Machakos District. Data was collected using questionnaires since the study design used was the survey method. Purposive sampl ing was employed to generate a sizeable sample to be used in the study. The subjects included students, class teachers and head teachers. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. The findings were presented using frequency tables and percentages. The results indicated that physical facilities, teaching and learning resources, students' SOCIOeconomic background and parents' participation in student activities affected the performance of students in KCSE examinations. However, students in public schools were the most affected in their performance because they performed poorly. Conclusions and recommendations, including suggestions for further research were made on the basis of these findings. .
University of Nairobi, Kenya