Impact of violent conflict on pre-school children (a case of 2007-2008 post election violence in Kibera, Kenya)
Weru, Monny W
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Since the end of the Cold War, inter-state conflicts have reduced, while intra-state conflicts have increased most of them unfolding along ethnic lines. The economic, social and political consequences of inter-ethnic conflicts in Kenya are immense. Since the early 1990s, inter-ethnic conflicts have been leaving trails of destruction in Kenya and have become an endemic phenomenon, threatening the coexistence of the various ethnic groups. The objective of the study was to examine the impact of violent conflict on pre-school children after 2007-2008 post election violence in Kenya. Specifically it examined the physical, economic, and psycho-social impacts of violent conflict on pre-school children after 2007-2008 post election violence Kenya. This study was conducted in Nairobi County and will mainly pay close attention to the community in Kibera area. The study established the physical impacts of violent conflict on preschool children after 2007-2008 post-election violence Kenya. Most visible effects of armed conflict on children are physically inflicted ones. Children sustain serious injuries and or lifelong disabilities such as losing limbs, eyesight and hearing. The psychological and physical trauma during pregnancy posed great heath risk to the unborn children. A number of children born to rape victims after 2007-2008 post-election violence in Kenya were handicapped although it is uncertain whether factors relating to the rape itself were primarily responsible. There were other subsequent economic problems related to the 2007-2008 post-election violence such as food insecurity, labour disruption on industry and the public sector institutions, land grabbing, commercial disruption, breakdown in transport and communication, resource diversion, unexpected expenditure, infrastructural disruption, inflation and fluctuation of prices and environmental destruction among others. The social consequences of the clashes in Kenya were enormous and cannot be easily quantified, especially the psycho-social ones. Most of the victims of these clashes were left homeless, landless, destitute, injured, dead, abused, to mention but a few of the atrocities resulting from the menace. The study recommends that government agencies in collaboration with communities should ensure that children in areas affected by post-election violence are protected from strenuous household labour allocations. The community in conflict affected areas should address the problem of fear in the aftermath of violence. Fear is central in household decisions on whether to send children to school as children are particularly vulnerable to harassment, abductions and sexual attacks
CitationResearch project submitted in partial fulfillment of the Requirements of the degree of master of arts in international Conflict management to the institute of diplomacy and International studies (idis), university of nairobi.
University of NairobiInstitute of Development Studies