Influence of Socio-economic factors on pupils' completion rates in primary school education in Evurori Division, Mbeere Notrh District
Wambua, Damaris K
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of socio-economic factors on pupils’ completion rate in primary school education in Evurori Division, Mbeere North district, Kenya. Four research objectives were formulated to guide the study. The research objectives sought to determine the relationship between pupils’ parents’ level of education, and pupils’ family size and family household chores done by pupils on completion rate among primary school in Evurori division, Mbeere North district. The study adapted the descriptive survey design. The sample was therefore 16 headteachers and 385 pupils. Data was collected by use of questionnaires and were analyzed by use of descriptive statistics. Findings revealed that headteachers indicated that there was a relationship between parent’s education level and the schools completion rate. Headteachers agreed that the negative attitude of parents with low formal education towards education have rendered to low completion rate among primary school pupils and pupils who do not complete schools come from families with parents of low level of education. Findings on the influence of pupils’ family size on completion rate among primary school pupils revealed that there was a relationship between pupils' family size and the schools completion rate. Headteachers indicated that sometimes children drop out of school to help parents in their economic activities. Findings revealed that there was a relationship between family household chores and the schools completion rate. Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that there was a relationship between parental level of education and pupils completion rates in schools. The study also concluded that pupils’ family size affected completion rate among primary school pupils. Head teachers indicated that in big family size parents strained to care for their children and some pupils leave school to work in order to support their siblings. The headteachers indicated that sometimes children dropped out of school to help parents in their economic activities. Pupils agreed that higher income level of parents enables pupils to continue pursuing studies for long. The study further concluded that pupils’ involvement of household chores had a relationship with pupils’ completion rate. Based on the findings of the study it was recommended that there local community should be sensitized on the importance of education and be encouraged to take their children to school. The county government should assist the needy in the community so that pupils can access education. The community should be encouraged to have profit generating activities to raise their economic levels so that pupils are not engaged in the economic activities of the parents and hence access education. The study suggested that since the study was carried out in one administrative district, a similar study needs to be carried out in other districts so that findings can be compared. The study delimited itself to four variables namely, pupils’ parents’ level of education, pupils’ family size, family income and pupils’ participation in household chores. There is need to carry out a study and establish how other factors influence completion rates of children. The study was carried out among primary schools. There is a need to carry out a study on the factors that affect completion rates in secondary schools in the division.
University of Nairobi