Now showing items 1-6 of 6
Vitamin A supplementation and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 shedding in women: results of a randomized clinical trial.
Observational studies have associated vitamin A deficiency with vaginal shedding of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1-infected cells and mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission. To assess the effect of vitamin A ...
Micronutrient supplementation increases genital tract shedding of HIV-1 in women: results of a randomized trial
To test the hypothesis that micronutrient supplementation decreases genital HIV-1 shedding, a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of 6 weeks of multivitamin plus selenium supplementation vs. placebo was ...
HIV-1 infection alters the retinol-binding protein:transthyretin ratio even in the absence of the acute phase response.
(University of Nairobi,, 2005)
he ratio of retinol-binding protein (RBP) to transthyretin (TTR) has been proposed as an indirect method with which to assess vitamin A status in the context of inflammation. Few studies have been conducted among adults, ...
Relationship between markers of HIV-1 disease progression and serum beta-carotene concentrations in Kenyan women.
(University of Nairobi,, 2007)
Observational studies have suggested that low serum beta-carotene concentrations may influence HIV-1 disease progression. However, randomized trials have not demonstrated beneficial effects of beta-carotene supplementation. ...
Vitamin A deficiency and the acute phase response among HIV-1-infected and -uninfected women in Kenya
Among HIV-1-infected individuals, vitamin A deficiency has been associated with faster disease progression and greater infectivity in observational studies, but randomized clinical trials have shown no effect of vitamin A ...
Selenium deficiency is associated with shedding of HIV-1--infected cells in the female genital tract.
Objective: To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells. Design: Cross-sectional study of 318 HIV-1 seropositive women in Mombasa, Kenya. Methods: Vaginal ...