Now showing items 1-10 of 98
Serologic testing algorithm for recent HIV seroconversion in estimating incidence of HIV-1 among adults visiting a VCT centre at a Kenyan tertiary health institution.
(University of Nairobi, 2009-05)
OBJECTIVE: To determine HIV high risk groups among adults visiting Kenyatta National Hospital Voluntary Counselling and Testing Centre by use of Serologic Testing Algorithm for Recent HIV Seroconversion (STARHS). DESIGN: A ...
Prospective Study Of Hormonal Contraceptive Use And Cervical Shedding Of Herpes Simplex Virus In Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-seropositiv
(University of Nairobi, 2002-06)
Cross-sectional analyses have demonstrated an association between use of hormonal contraceptives and shedding of herpes simplex virus (HSV). This prospective study evaluated the effect of initiating use of hormonal ...
Human Leucocyte Antigen Supertypes And Immune Susceptibility To Hiv-1, Implications
(University of Nairobi, 2001-11-01)
Impact on HIV infection on invasive cervical cancer in Kenyan Women AIDS
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between invasive cervical cancer (ICC) and HIV infection in Kenyan women. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control, with ICC patients as cases, and women with uterine fibroids as ...
Stabilised antenatal HIV-l seroprevalence in Nairobi, in the face of high population mobility: is age restriction now appropriate in screening?
Abstract Objectives: To measure HIV -1 seroprevalence in pregnant women in Nairobi. Design: Six serial surveys were carried out between November 1991 and April 1997. Methods: Women attending four Nairobi City Council ...
Rapid Decline in Risk of HIV-l Acquisition After Enrollment in a Vaccine Preparedness Cohort of Kenyan Prostitutes: Implications for the Design of HIV -1 Vaccine Efficacy Trials
Background: In designing HIY-l vaccine efficacy trials, it will be important to accounrfor changes in HIY -1 incidence, especially changes over time and while participating in riskreduction programs. Methods: Data from ...
Effect Of A Syphilis Control Programme On Pregnancy Outcome In Nairobi, Kenya.
(University of Nairobi, 2000-04)
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a syphilis control programme of pregnant women on pregnancy outcome in Kenya. METHOD: Women who came to deliver to Pumwani Maternity Hospital (PMH) between April 1997 and March 1998 were ...
Long-term survivors in Nairobi: complete HIV-1 RNA sequences and immunogenetic associations
To investigate African long-term survivors (LTSs) infected with non-subtype B human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), we obtained full-length HIV-1 RNA sequences and immunogenetic profiles from 6 untreated women ...
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected women exhibit reduced interferon-gamma secretion after Chlamydia trachomatis stimulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Epidemiologic, animal, and in vitro models suggest an important role for interferon (IFN)-gamma in the clearance of Chlamydia trachomatis infection. IFN-gamma in the supernatants of in vitro-stimulated peripheral blood ...