Now showing items 1-10 of 23
Selenium deficiency is associated with shedding of HIV-1--infected cells in the female genital tract.
Objective: To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells. Design: Cross-sectional study of 318 HIV-1 seropositive women in Mombasa, Kenya. Methods: Vaginal ...
Validation of a modified commercial enzyme-linked immunoassay for detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 immunoglobulin G antibodies in saliva
This study was performed to evaluate the performance of a saliva collection device (OmniSal) and an enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) designed for use on serum samples (Detect HIV1/2) to detect human immunodeficiency virus ...
The HLA A2/6802 Supertype Is Associated With Reduced Risk Of Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transmission. J I
(University of Nairobi, 2001-02-01)
Certain HLAs may, in part, account for differences in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) susceptibility by presenting conserved immunogenic epitopes for T cell recognition. The HLA supertype A2/6802 is associated ...
Human Leucocyte Antigen Supertypes And Immune Susceptibility To Hiv-1, Implications
(University of Nairobi, 2001-11-01)
Correlates of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission: association with maternal plasma HIV-1 RNA load, genital HIV-1 DNA shedding, and breast infections
To determine the effects of plasma, genital, and breast milk human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and breast infections on perinatal HIV-1 transmission, a nested case-control study was conducted within a randomized ...
Quality of sexually transmitted disease case management in Nairobi, Kenya: a comparison among different types of healthcare facilities
BACKGROUND: In Nairobi, the prevalence for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among attenders at antenatal and family planning clinics is substantial, but knowledge about the quality of STD case management is ...
CD8(+) lymphocytes respond to different HIV epitopes in seronegative and infected subjects.
(University of Nairobi, 2001-05)
HIV-1-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been detected at a low frequency in many HIV-1-exposed, persistently seronegative (HEPS) subjects. However, it is unclear how CTLs could protect against HIV ...
Resistance to HIV-1 infection among African sex workers is associated with global hypo responsiveness in interleukin 4 production.
(University of Nairobi, 2001)
No abstract available
Quality of health education during STD case management in Nairobi, Kenya
Quality of health education during STD case management in Nairobi was assessed in 142 healthcare facilities, through interviews of 165 providers, observation of 441 STD patients managed by these providers, and 165 visits ...
Hormonal contraception and risk of sexually transmitted disease acquisition: results from a prospective study
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between use of oral contraceptive pills or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate and sexually transmitted disease acquisition. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort included 948 ...