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Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) versus Zidovudine/Nevirapine Effects on Early Breast Milk HIV-1 RNA: A Phase II Randomized Clinical Trial
Background Defining the effect of antiretroviral regimens on breast milk HIV-1 levels is useful to inform the rational design of strategies to decrease perinatal HIV-1 transmission. Methods Pregnant HIV-1 seropositive ...
The Prevalence of Stunting Is High in HIV-1–Exposed Uninfected Infants in Kenya
As prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission (PMTCT) programs decrease the numbers of HIV-1–infected infants, it remains important to improve growth in HIV-1–exposed, uninfected (EU) infants. To determine the growth ...
Association of Levels of HIV-1–Infected Breast Milk Cells and Risk of Mother-to-Child Transmission
Understanding how the level of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)–infected breast milk cells (BMCs) affects HIV transmission via breast-feeding can shed light on the mechanism of infection and aid in establishing ...
Hormonal contraception and HIV-1 disease progression among postpartum Kenyan women
Objective To assess the immediate and longer-term effects of the use of hormonal contraception on the progression of HIV-1 disease in postpartum women. Design A prospective cohort study. Methods Information on ...
CCR5, RANTES, and SDF-1 polymorphisms and mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission
Among 288 HIV-1-infected, breastfeeding women who received zidovudine prophylaxis and were followed with their infants in Nairobi, we found no associations between maternal genetic polymorphisms in CCR5 (59029G/A, 59353T/C, ...