Now showing items 1-10 of 23
Resistance to HIV-1 infection among African sex workers is associated with global hypo responsiveness in interleukin 4 production.
(University of Nairobi, 2001)
No abstract available
Quality of health education during STD case management in Nairobi, Kenya
Quality of health education during STD case management in Nairobi was assessed in 142 healthcare facilities, through interviews of 165 providers, observation of 441 STD patients managed by these providers, and 165 visits ...
Hormonal contraception and risk of sexually transmitted disease acquisition: results from a prospective study
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between use of oral contraceptive pills or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate and sexually transmitted disease acquisition. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort included 948 ...
Effect of breastfeeding on mortality among HIV-1 infected women: a randomised trial.
We have completed a randomised clinical trial of breastfeeding and formula feeding to identify the frequency of breastmilk transmission of HIV-1 to infants. However, we also analysed data from this trial to examine the ...
Resistance to HIV-1 infection among African sex workers is associated with global hyporesponsiveness in interleukin 4 production.
We previously identified HIV-1 resistant prostitutes who remain persistently HIV-1 PCR- and antibody-negative despite continued heavy exposure to HIV-1 through sex work. We hypothesized that differences in virus-specific ...
Vitamin A And Risk Of HIV-1 Seroconversion Among Kenyan Men With Genital Ulcers.
(University of Nairobi, 2001-03-30)
Background: Vitamin A is involved in normal immune function and the maintenance of mucosal integrity through complex effects on cellular differentiation. Objective: We sought to determine whether serum vitamin A levels ...
CD8(+) Lymphocytes Respond To Different Hiv Epitopes In Seronegative And Infected Subjects.
(University of Nairobi, 2001-02)
HIV-1-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses have been detected at a low frequency in many HIV-1-exposed, persistently seronegative (HEPS) subjects. However, it is unclear how CTLs could protect against HIV ...
Selenium deficiency is associated with shedding of HIV-1--infected cells in the female genital tract.
Objective: To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells. Design: Cross-sectional study of 318 HIV-1 seropositive women in Mombasa, Kenya. Methods: Vaginal ...
Validation of a modified commercial enzyme-linked immunoassay for detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 immunoglobulin G antibodies in saliva
This study was performed to evaluate the performance of a saliva collection device (OmniSal) and an enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) designed for use on serum samples (Detect HIV1/2) to detect human immunodeficiency virus ...
The HLA A2/6802 Supertype Is Associated With Reduced Risk Of Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transmission. J I
(University of Nairobi, 2001-02-01)
Certain HLAs may, in part, account for differences in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) susceptibility by presenting conserved immunogenic epitopes for T cell recognition. The HLA supertype A2/6802 is associated ...