Now showing items 1-7 of 7
Hormonal contraception and risk of sexually transmitted disease acquisition: results from a prospective study
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between use of oral contraceptive pills or depot medroxyprogesterone acetate and sexually transmitted disease acquisition. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort included 948 ...
Selenium deficiency is associated with shedding of HIV-1--infected cells in the female genital tract.
Objective: To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells. Design: Cross-sectional study of 318 HIV-1 seropositive women in Mombasa, Kenya. Methods: Vaginal ...
Validation of a modified commercial enzyme-linked immunoassay for detection of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 immunoglobulin G antibodies in saliva
This study was performed to evaluate the performance of a saliva collection device (OmniSal) and an enzyme-linked immunoassay (EIA) designed for use on serum samples (Detect HIV1/2) to detect human immunodeficiency virus ...
Correlates of mother-to-child human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) transmission: association with maternal plasma HIV-1 RNA load, genital HIV-1 DNA shedding, and breast infections
To determine the effects of plasma, genital, and breast milk human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and breast infections on perinatal HIV-1 transmission, a nested case-control study was conducted within a randomized ...
Partner notification by HIV-1 seropositive pregnant women: association with infant feeding decisions
Each year, an estimated 600 000 perinatal HIV-1 infections occur despite the availability of interventions to decrease mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 . In order to implement perinatal HIV-1 interventions it is ...
Timing of breast milk HIV-1 transmission: a meta-analysis
: To define the frequency and timing of breast milk transmission of HIV-1. DESIGN: Meta-analysis of data abstracted from published literature. SUBJECTS: Participants in prospective cohort studies of MTCT ...