Now showing items 1-10 of 21
Circumcision preference among women and uncircumcised men prior to scale-up of male circumcision for HIV prevention in Kisumu, Kenya
Following the endorsement by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) of male circumcision as an additional strategy to HIV prevention, initiatives to introduce safe, ...
Prolapsed Inter-vertebral disc in an African population
Characteristics of Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc (PID) in Africa, reports are scanty and often disparate PID in Kenya is commonest in the lower lumbar region of young people more in females and is associated with trauma
Breast milk HIV-1 suppression and decreased transmission: a randomized trial comparing HIVNET012 nevirapine versus short-course zidovudine
Objective: To compare the effect of perinatal regimens of short-course nevirapine (HIVNET012)andzidovudine[Thai-CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(CDC) regimen] on breast milk viral shedding and perinatal transmission ...
Does prospective monitoring improve cataract surgery outcomes in Africa?
Aims: To determine if prospective monitoring influences cataract surgical outcomes in east Africa. Methods: A prospective observational study of all routine extracapsular cataract extractions with posterior chamber lens ...
HIV-1-specific mucosal IgA in a cohort of HIV-1-resistant Kenyan sex workers
Objectives: Most HIV-1 transmission is sexual; therefore, immune responses in the genital mucosa may be important in mediating protection against HIV infection. This study examined HIV-1-specific mucosal IgA in a cohort ...
Stable antenatal HIV-1 seroprevalence with high population mobility and marked seroprevalence variation among sentinel sites within Nairobi, Kenya.
Objectives: To monitor and analyse trends in HIV-1 seroprevalence among antenatal women in Nairobi, Kenya. Design: Six sequential surveys were carried out among antenatal clinic attenders at four Nairobi City Council ...
Domestic violence and prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1
Objectives Todeterminetheprevalenceof life-timedomesticviolencebythecurrent partnerbeforeHIV-1testing,itsimpactontheuptakeofpreventionofmother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) interventions and frequency after testing. Design ...
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 in Africa.
PIP: With the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women higher than 35% in some parts of sub-Saharan Africa, the number of HIV-infected children will continue to grow. It is estimated that almost 70% of the approximately ...
CLSI-Derived Hematology and Biochemistry Reference Intervals for Healthy Adults in Eastern and Southern Africa
Background: Clinical laboratory reference intervals have not been established in many African countries, and non-local intervals are commonly used in clinical trials to screen and monitor adverse events (AEs) among African ...