Now showing items 1-10 of 32
Characteristics of HIV-1 discordant couples enrolled in a trial of HSV-2 suppression to reduce HIV-1 transmission: the partners study
The Partners HSV-2/HIV-1 Transmission Study (Partners Study) is a phase III, placebo-controlled trial of daily acyclovir for genital herpes (HSV-2) suppression among HIV-1/HSV-2 co-infected persons to reduce HIV-1 transmission ...
Infectious correlates of HIV-1 shedding in the female upper and lower genital tracts.
To determine the effects of vaginal, cervical, and endometrial infections on shedding of HIV-1 RNA in the female genital tract. Cross-sectional. Antiretroviral-naive women from Nairobi, Kenya with CD4 cell counts ...
In vitro inhibitory activity of human vaginal lactobacilli against pathogenic bacteria associated with bacterial vaginosis in Kenyan women
Lactobacilli have been shown to inhibit in vitro growth of many pathogens and have been used as probiotics to treat a broad range of gastrointestinal and/or vaginal disorders. We sought to determine the in vitro inhibitory ...
Effects Of Hiv/aids On Maternity Care Providers In Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2008-09)
Bacterial vaginosis: risk factors among Kenyan women and their male partners
(Kenya Medical Research Institute, 2006)
To simultaneously examine associations of bacterial vaginosis (BV) with potential risk factors in both the female and her male partner. We recruited women 18-45 years of age and their male partners from clinics in ...
Adherence to Diaphragm Use for Infection Prevention: A Prospective Study of Female Sex Workers in Kenya
Objective. To assess adherence to and acceptability of the diaphragm among 140 female sex workers in Kenya in a 6-month prospective study. Methods. At baseline and bimonthly visits, participants were interviewed on diaphragm ...
Provider characteristics among staff providing care to sexually transmitted infection self-medicating patients in retail pharmacies in Kibera slum, Nairobi, Kenya
(University of Nairobi., 2008-05)
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the characteristics of providers in management of STI self-medicating patients in retail pharmacies within the largest informal settlement in Kenya. METHODS: We collected sociodemographic, training, ...
Association of attitudes and beliefs towards antiretroviral therapy with HIV-seroprevalence in the general population of Kisumu, Kenya
(University of Nairobi., 2009)
BACKGROUND: Since antiretroviral therapy (ART) became available in the developed world, the prevalence of unprotected sex and the incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV have increased. We hypothesized ...
Epidemiology of human papillomavirus infection among fishermen along Lake Victoria Shore in the Kisumu District, Kenya
(University of Nairobi., 2008-02)
OBJECTIVES: The epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in men in Kenya is largely uncharacterized. We set out to determine the prevalence and determinants of HPV infection among sexually active fishermen ...
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected women exhibit reduced interferon-gamma secretion after Chlamydia trachomatis stimulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes.
Epidemiologic, animal, and in vitro models suggest an important role for interferon (IFN)-gamma in the clearance of Chlamydia trachomatis infection. IFN-gamma in the supernatants of in vitro-stimulated peripheral blood ...