Now showing items 1-10 of 103
Aerobic and facultative bacterial isolates from blood cultures of children with clinically diagnosed septicaemia
A total of 120 sets of blood cultures were performed aerobically from 60 children with clinically diagnosed septicaemia at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. Out of these, 36 (30%) sets from 19 (31.7%) patients yielded ...
Viral etiology and epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in children in Nairobi, Kenya.
Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the most common cause of illness and death in young children worldwide. Because of inadequate laboratory facilities and financial resources the etiological agents responsible for most ...
Ceftriaxone no longer predictably cures chancroid in Kenya.
Ceftriaxone in a dose of 250 mg given intramuscularly is currently recommended for the treatment of chancroid. Among 133 men in Nairobi, Kenya, with culture-proven chancroid, who were treated with ceftriaxone, treatment ...
Impact of maternal HIV infection on obstetrical and early neonatal outcome.
In a case-control study of 177 HIV-seropositive and 326 seronegative women and their newborns in Nairobi, Kenya, maternal HIV infection at term was independently associated with travel to other African countries [odds ratio ...
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion in women with genital ulcers
Genital ulcers are implicated as a risk factor enhancing susceptibility to human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection. A prospective study to determine the incidence of and risk factors associated with acquisition ...
Use of nonoxynol-9 and changes in vaginal lactobacilli
(University of Nairobi, 1998-08)
Several in vitro studies have shown nonoxynol-9 (N-9) to be toxic to lactobacilli, especially to strains that produce H2O2. Data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover trial that investigated the ...
AIDS research: Are we in the right direction?
(University of Nairobi, 1994-08)
Phylogenetic evaluation of Kenyan HIV type 1 isolates.AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses
(University of Nairobi, 1997-04)
Diversity among global isolates of HIV-1 presents a formidable challenge for vaccine development. As distinct clades of the virus are recognized, it will be important to monitor their geographic distribution and divergence. ...