Now showing items 1-10 of 11
The HLA A2/6802 Supertype Is Associated With Reduced Risk Of Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Transmission. J I
(University of Nairobi, 2001-02-01)
Certain HLAs may, in part, account for differences in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) susceptibility by presenting conserved immunogenic epitopes for T cell recognition. The HLA supertype A2/6802 is associated ...
Human Leucocyte Antigen Supertypes And Immune Susceptibility To Hiv-1, Implications
(University of Nairobi, 2001-11-01)
Treatment Of Cervicitis Is Associated With Decreased Cervical Shedding Of Hiv-1. AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cervical mucosal shedding of HIV-1 RNA and HIV-1 infected cells decreases following successful treatment of cervicitis. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTING: Sexually Transmitted ...
Effect of breastfeeding on mortality among HIV-1 infected women: a randomised trial.
We have completed a randomised clinical trial of breastfeeding and formula feeding to identify the frequency of breastmilk transmission of HIV-1 to infants. However, we also analysed data from this trial to examine the ...
Vitamin A And Risk Of HIV-1 Seroconversion Among Kenyan Men With Genital Ulcers.
(University of Nairobi, 2001-03-30)
Background: Vitamin A is involved in normal immune function and the maintenance of mucosal integrity through complex effects on cellular differentiation. Objective: We sought to determine whether serum vitamin A levels ...
Vaginal Lavage With Chlorhexidine During Labour To Reduce Mother-to-child HIV Transmission: Clinical Trial In Mombasa, Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2001-02)
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of vaginal lavage with diluted chlorhexidine on mother-to child transmission of HIV (MTCT) in a breastfeeding population. METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was conducted in a ...
Evaluation of a low- dose nonoxynol-9 gel for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases: a randomised clinical trial, Sex Transm Dis 2001
(University of Nairobi, 2001)
Objective: To assess the relation between selenium deficiency and vaginal or cervical shedding of HIV-1-infected cells. Design: Cross-sectional study of 318 HIV-1 seropositive women in Mombasa, Kenya. Methods: Vaginal and ...
Lymphocyte Subsets In Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1-infected And Uninfected Children In Nairobi.
(University of Nairobi, 2001-05-20)
Background: Reference lymphocyte subset values for African children are lacking. This study documents these values as well as their alterations associated with perinatal and postnatal HIV-1 transmission and with protection ...