Now showing items 1-10 of 23
Treatment Of Cervicitis Is Associated With Decreased Cervical Shedding Of Hiv-1. AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cervical mucosal shedding of HIV-1 RNA and HIV-1 infected cells decreases following successful treatment of cervicitis. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTING: Sexually Transmitted ...
Phylogenetic evaluation of Kenyan HIV type 1 isolates.AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses
(University of Nairobi, 1997-04)
Diversity among global isolates of HIV-1 presents a formidable challenge for vaccine development. As distinct clades of the virus are recognized, it will be important to monitor their geographic distribution and divergence. ...
Efficient isolation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA from cervical swabs
(University of Nairobi, 1998-08)
An efficient method for the isolation of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleic acids from dry cervical swabs was developed. HIV-1 gag and env were detected in 96% (25 of 26) and 81% (21 of 26), respectively, ...
The Effect Of Hormonal Contraception On Genital Tract Shedding Of Hiv-1.aids
(University of Nairobi, 2004-01-23)
OBJECTIVE: A previous cross-sectional study reported that hormonal contraception may be associated with increased infectivity in HIV-1 infected women. We conducted a prospective study to determine if cervical shedding of ...
A Prospective Study Of Risk Factors For Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Acquisition Among High-risk Hiv-1 Seronegative Women In Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2009)
Objectives: Several studies have demonstrated an association between herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and HIV-1, but available data on risk factors for HSV-2 acquisition are limited. The objective of this analysis was ...
Distinct but related human immunodeficiency virus type 1 variant populations in genital secretions and blood
For a HIV vaccine to be effective, it will be essential that it protect against the virus variants to which individuals are most frequently exposed. HIV-1 is predominantly a sexually acquired virus, thus, variants in genital ...
Identification of modifiable factors that affect the genetic diversity of the transmitted HIV-1 population
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies have shown that the majority of African women were infected with multiple HIV-1 genetic variants, while in the remaining women only a single viral genotype was detected early in infection. ...
Vitamin A deficiency and the acute phase response among HIV-1-infected and -uninfected women in Kenya
Among HIV-1-infected individuals, vitamin A deficiency has been associated with faster disease progression and greater infectivity in observational studies, but randomized clinical trials have shown no effect of vitamin A ...
Studies of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mucosal viral shedding and transmission in Kenya.
(University of Nairobi., 1999-05)
If human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccines are to be highly effective, it is essential to understand the virologic factors that contribute to HIV-1 transmission. It is likely that transmission is determined, ...
Acute Hiv-1 Infection Illness In Kenyan Women Is Associated With Higher Viral Loads
(University of Nairobi, 2002)