Now showing items 1-10 of 12
Association Between Cervical Shedding Of Herpes Simplex Virus And Hiv-1.aids
(University of Nairobi, 2002-12-06)
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the cervical shedding of herpes simplex virus (HSV) and HIV-1. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study on 200 women seropositive for both HSV-2 and HIV-1 was conducted in a family ...
Hormonal Contraception And Risk Of Cervical Infections Among Hiv-1-seropositive Kenyan Women
(University of Nairobi, 2004-11-05)
Treatment Of Cervicitis Is Associated With Decreased Cervical Shedding Of Hiv-1. AIDS
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether cervical mucosal shedding of HIV-1 RNA and HIV-1 infected cells decreases following successful treatment of cervicitis. DESIGN: Prospective interventional study. SETTING: Sexually Transmitted ...
The Effect Of Hormonal Contraception On Genital Tract Shedding Of Hiv-1.aids
(University of Nairobi, 2004-01-23)
OBJECTIVE: A previous cross-sectional study reported that hormonal contraception may be associated with increased infectivity in HIV-1 infected women. We conducted a prospective study to determine if cervical shedding of ...
A Prospective Study Of Risk Factors For Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 Acquisition Among High-risk Hiv-1 Seronegative Women In Kenya
(University of Nairobi, 2009)
Objectives: Several studies have demonstrated an association between herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and HIV-1, but available data on risk factors for HSV-2 acquisition are limited. The objective of this analysis was ...
Identification of modifiable factors that affect the genetic diversity of the transmitted HIV-1 population
BACKGROUND: Our previous studies have shown that the majority of African women were infected with multiple HIV-1 genetic variants, while in the remaining women only a single viral genotype was detected early in infection. ...
Vitamin A deficiency and the acute phase response among HIV-1-infected and -uninfected women in Kenya
Among HIV-1-infected individuals, vitamin A deficiency has been associated with faster disease progression and greater infectivity in observational studies, but randomized clinical trials have shown no effect of vitamin A ...
The Effect Of Treatment Of Vaginal Infections On Shedding Of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1
(University of Nairobi, 2001)
We evaluated the association between the severity of primary human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) illness and HIV-1 plasma virus load before seroconversion using stored plasma samples obtained from 74 prostitutes ...
No evidence for rapid subtype C spread within an epidemic in which multiple subtypes and intersubtype recombinants circulate
There are multiple subtypes of HIV-1 circulating worldwide, but recently, subtype C has become highly prevalent, particularly in certain geographic regions. It is unclear whether the dominance of subtype C or other subtypes ...
Acute Hiv-1 Infection Illness In Kenyan Women Is Associated With Higher Viral Loads
(University of Nairobi, 2002)