School Based Factors Influencing The Headteachers’ Implementation Of The Private Tuition Ban Directive In Secondary Schools, Makueni County, Kenya
In a low resource context like in Kenya where there are not enough Maths and science teachers, poor learning and teaching facilities, overcrowded classrooms or higher student-teacher ratios, and such factors, private tuition is likely to take place. The purpose of this study was to investigate the School Based Factors Influencing Head teachers’ Implementation of the Private Tuition Ban directive in Secondary Schools in Makueni County, Kenya. The objectives of the study were: To determine how students’ academic performance influence the implementation of the private tuition ban directive in Makueni County; to establish how syllabus coverage influence the implementation of private tuition ban directive in Makueni County; to establish how the schools’ cultures on academic performance influence the implementation of private tuition ban directive in Makueni County; and to determine how adequacy of teaching – learning resources influence the implementation of the private tuition ban directive in Makueni County. The target population of the study was the principals, teachers and students from all the 313 secondary schools in Makueni County. A sample size of 297 respondents was used after 90 secondary schools were randomly selected. Research instruments used in this study included questionnaires for teachers and the pupils and interview schedules for the principals. Quantitative data were analyzed and the results were presented using frequency tables, pie charts and bar graphs. Qualitative data were analyzed through content analysis, which in turn was analyzed by organizing data into themes, patterns and sub-topics. From the study findings, most of the secondary schools in Makueni County took private tuition despite the private tuition ban directive. The study recommended that there should be establishment of an independent body, which should have full mandate of school inspections in order to improve access, equity and quality of education in Makueni County and Kenya as at large. Therefore the established body need to foster the adherence to the rules and regulations of teaching, remind teachers on their code of conducts, their roles and responsibilities and propose rewarding system for teachers whose performance is better tha the rest.
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