Factors associated with preference for early infant male circumcision among a representative sample of parents in Homa bay county, western Kenya.
Young, Marisa R.
Mehta, Supriya D.
Nordstrom, Sherry K.
Irwin, Tracy E.
Bailey, Robert C.
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Several countries scaling-up adult medical male circumcision (MMC) for HIV prevention intend to introduce early infant male circumcision (EIMC). To assess preference for EIMC in a community with a mature adult MMC program, we conducted a cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of mothers (n = 613) and fathers (n = 430) of baby boys (“index son”) at 16 health facilities in western Kenya. Most (59 %) were for EIMC, generally. Just 29 % were for circumcising the index son. Pain and protection from HIV were the most frequently cited barrier and facilitator to EIMC, respectively. In multivariable logistic regression, ever talking with the partner about EIMC and positive serostatus were associated with preference for EIMC for the index son. Attitudes towards EIMC are favorable. Willingness to circumcise an infant son is modest. To facilitate EIMC uptake, education about EIMC pain management and encouraging discussion between parents about EIMC during pregnancy should be integrated into programs.
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