In discussing the legality or illegality of the use of force and its normative
manifestation there is a universal yet inarticulate major premise posited, that at
its simplest says, 'there is a right to peace".
This right to peace and concomitant duty? to keep the peace inheres in the
nation state but also, it is argued, in Individuals" through the operation of
international human rights instruments and customary international law-. The
laws that govern entry into and conduct of war (or arguably armed conflict) are
traditionally divided into two, being, jus ad bellum and jus in bello',
The contemporary arguments extending 'jus in bello principles into internal
armed conflict just as cogently apply to jus ad oellum- .