Loan Words From English and Orma Languages in Kipokomo
This work is an attempt to describe the phonological adaptations of English and Orma loanwords into Upper Kipokomo within the Optimality Theory framework developed by Allan Prince and Paul Smolensky (1993, 2002). The study addressed the following research questions: (i) Which vowel processes are applied to English and Orma words as they are borrowed into Upper Kipokomo? (ii) Which consonants processes are applied to English and Orma words as they are borrowed into Upper Kipokomo? (iii) Has the phonology of Upper Kipokomo been affected by the repair strategies that operate on the loan words? The data was collected in Tana River County through questionnaires. The findings of the research have pointed out that vowel epenthesis is the most preferred repair strategy for illicit codas and consonant clusters in Upper Kipokomo. Secondly, most of the consonants from English and Orma into Upper Kipokomo proved to be faithful. Thirdly, English and Orma syllable structures are changed into CV syllables in Upper Kipokomo.
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