Finasteride in the treatment of patients with moderate symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia.
This was a prospective study involving 27 patients with moderate symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treated continuously with 5 mg of finasteride daily for one year. There was improvement in clinical BPH symptoms in 22 patients (81.48%), increase in urinary flow rates by a mean of 2.2 mls/sec in 20 patients (74.07%) and a mean decrease in prostate volume of 20.9% in 25 patients (92.59%) comparable to the findings of the other investigators. No patient on finasteride therapy developed acute urinary retention suggesting reduced risk. The reversal in BPH progression stems from the ability of finasteride to reduce prostate volume thus relieving urinary obstruction and to decrease BPH symptoms and increase urinary flow rates. Finasteride therapy was well tolerated in this study. No adverse effect was observed except impotence in one patient (3.7%) and loss of libido in another patient (3.7%). For symptomatic relief in men with moderate obstructive symptoms of BPH, finasteride should be considered an effective alternative to watchful waiting. These findings warrant further investigations and may signal a positive change in the role of medical therapy in the future long term management of BPH.