Towards finding diplomatic solutions to deforestation in Kenya: the case of Mau Forest, 1963-2011
Oginda, Caroline M
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This study proposes diplomatic solutions to deforestation in Kenya, Mau forfst. It analyses the study under three themes namely; diplomatic solutions, deforestation, and deforestation in Mau forest. The study used primary and secondary sources of information to collect data. Primary data was pursued under two categories; unpublished primary data and published primary data. Particular NGO's and government organizations were identified, these organizations and individuals are involved in Mau issues, and information from them was used to develop literature review and also chapters three and four. Unpublished primary documents were sourced from these identified organizations. Apart from NGO's and government organizations, information was also sought from UNEP and the Interim Coordinating Secretariat, office of the Prime Minister on conservation of Mau Forest in Kenya, this was useful in understanding the actors in the Mau forest issues. This study used a conceptual framework which involved the approach of the topic through a casual construct or causes of deforestation line of inquiry that qualitatively or quantitatively connects the status with forest resource conflict. This was important since it recognizes the fact that in the conduct of diplomacy, states are not solitary actors, but are substituted by other non-state actors. From the research study, it emerged that diplomacy enhance co-operation of relations among non-state actors in Mau forest, although they don't substitute the role of states, they are useful because of their skills, technical knowledge and ability to lobby. It also emerged from the study that proper compensation and settlement of the evictees has not been secured. There are numerous threats to deforestation of the Mau forest, like population growth, land degradation, soil erosion, loss of wetlands, food insecurity and water scarcity. The main reason why state has failed to curb Mau forest loss is because, they pursue policies as solitary actors yet the Mau resources is a trans-boundary issue. It also emerged that internal conflicts within the Mau forest settlers and the state deter non state actors from pursuing its conservation and management of the forest.