The role of parliament in the formulation and implementation of Kenya's foreign policy
Ocharo, Sylvia K
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This study is intended to exam me the role played by parliament m the formulation and implementation of Kenya's foreign policy. The study recognizes that Kenya's constitution passed in 20 I 0 which is also Kenya's Second constitution since independence redeems of the Kenyan legislature from the confinement of the Executive controls by strengthening its checks and balances. This will enhance parliament's ability to discharges its roles without restrictions. Previously parliament did not playa major role in foreign policy formulation. Under the old constitution, the conduct of foreign policy in Kenya was the prerogative of the President. With the new constitution parliament has been more empowered; treaties will have to pass through parliament for ratification unlike in the past and diplomatic envoys appointed by the president will also have to be vetted by parliament before taking office. These though can only the possible if the new constitution is implemented to the letter. The study concludes that the Kenyan Parliament does play a limited role foreign policy formulation and implementation. But with the new constitutional dispensation speculation is rive that parliament will have a more enhanced role to play in foreign policy formulation and implementation. To enhance parliament's role the committee on defence and foreign relations should study important foreign policy issues with the help of inputs from experts and officials, and submit their conclusions and recommendations to the House for its consideration. Also important is that all Members of Parliament should undergo training on Kenya's foreign policy so as to be well versed on Kenya's national interests, etiquette and diplomacy.