Intercommunal conflict over natural resource: the case of Northern Kenya, 1963-2011
Northern Kenya continues to suffer from violent conflict in which a series of actors are involved. Armed groups perform widespread and devastating raids against neighbouring communities. The strength of these warriors groups varies regionally and from case to case. Security operations are often typified by disappropriate brutality. Power figures are known to instigate violence or organize finance armed militias. This protracted conflict in Northern Kenya has incident of gross human right violations, including War ton Killings, rape, torture, force displacement and loss of property have been reported among the warring faction of the pastoral communities. Conflict involving pastoralists associated with resource competition, cattle resulting and wide availability of same arms are wide spread and increasing concem. This study provides a useful case to examine the in depth factors contributing to conflict issues and priorities for conflict prevention. The patterns of the conflict in northern Kenya regions are complex. There are many factors contributing to the risk of violent conflict involving pastoralists, and this tended to become mutually reinforcing. The study found that many people have been displaced by conflict in pastoralist, in north frontier district of Kenya. 70 per cent of the displaced are women and children aged below 14 years. in addition to displacement, many women have also been widowed by conflict further increasing their human rights abuses. The study will try to analyse the factors that contribute conflict in northern Kenya, the post independent period the colonial masters, has marginalized this region. Post independent Kenya government did very little to improve the livelihood of pastoralists in northern Kenya.