The migrants diasporic effects of the Somali on the Kenyan economy
The Somalis are a Cushitic tribe, related to the Oromo, Afar and Beja. Somali tribes are divided into two major lineages called the Samale and the Sab. The Samale are nomadic pastoralists, and the Sab are cultivators and craftsman. The traditional Somali lifestyle has been severely interrupted by decades of civil conflict. Many remain proud of their identity as nomadic herdsmen. Population growth and modem influences have brought about a trend towards more sedentary pastoralism and farming. In the north, nomadism is more common than in the South where there has been mixing with sedentary Bantu tribes. Migrants are all over the world for various reasons such as to increase chances of securing employment, availability of capital for entrepreneurial activity and a secure environment to conduct business. The purpose of the study was to find out the impact and the contribution of Somali migrants (diaspora) to Kenya's economy. Theoretically, the study is guided by world systems theory while methodologically the analysis was executed by use of focus group discussion. The major findings of the study indicated that Somali migrants contribute significantly to Kenya's economy through creation of jobs, employment opportunities, capital investments, income generation, and provision of cheap items, more choice to consumers, supply of stock procurement and revenue to governments. The research recommended that the government should first and foremost recognise the positive contributions of migrants so as to appreciate and find out ways of promoting their activities. This calls for organized studies to facilitate decision making from a well informed point of view.