International criminal tribunals and restoration of peace: A case of transitional justice in Rwanda
Ngeno, Johana K
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Since trials began in 1997, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has conducted cases involving 50 accused, involving a prime minister and several ministers, prefects, bourgmestres and other leaders, who would otherwise not have been brought to justice. Judgments have been rendered in respect of 25 accused, with three acquittalt During the first mandate (1995-1999), the Tribunal delivered ground-breaking judgments concerning genocide, such as Akayesu and Kambanda. In the second mandate (1999-2003), the judicial output doubled and included the Media judgment. Halfway into the third mandate (2003-2007), trials involving25 accused are ongoing. The ICTR is an efficient judicial institution which has conducted fair trials, created important jurisprudence, and made a significant contribution to the development of international criminal justice.