A framework for knowledge management of wildlife research in Kenya
Kenya boasts a substantial asset in its diverse Wildlife. Extensive research on Wildlife is carried out by various academic and non-academic institutions, both within and outside the Government protected areas. By assessing the key Government agencies that authorize such research, it was revealed that most research findings remain un-reported. New research lacks continuity as there is no documented underpinning available for extension. A framework needed to be developed for the Management of Knowledge in the Kenyan Wildlife Research sector. Conceptual framework elements were extracted as a result of literature study. These elements were evaluated via data gathered through interviews and questionnaires. Sixty four different protected and non-protected research centres were contacted spanning the entire country. A combination of statistical and thematic analysis was performed on the data gathered. Conceptual framework elements were confirmed through data analysis. Other elements were revealed as key factors influencing Knowledge Management, specifically in the context of the Kenyan Wildlife sector. Insufficient funds were highlighted as a key constraint of effective Knowledge Management. In-appropriate organizational culture and structure were also pointed as hindrance to Knowledge Management. Lack of trust in the system prohibited successful Knowledge Management. The additional elements were thus incorporated in the conceptual framework and the validated framework for Knowledge Management of Wildlife Research in Kenya was developed. This framework was suggested to improve collaboration among researchers, thus creating new Knowledge. It is expected to reduce replication of research and induce innovation and learning for future research in the Kenyan Wildlife Research sector.