The prevalence of gastrointestinal helminth infections in pigs in Kenya
Nganga, C J
Karanja, D N
Mutune, M N
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The prevalence of helminth infection, species spectrum and worm burdens in Kenyan pigs was examined. A total of 115 gastrointestinal tracts (GIT) from 61 growers and 54 adult pigs were examined between February 2005 and January 2006. Seventy eight (67.8%) had one or more helminth parasites, of which thirty six (31.3%) were mixed infection. Ten types of helminth parasites encountered in descending order of prevalence were, Oesophagostomum dentatum (39.1%), Trichuris suis (32.2%), Ascaris suum (28.7%), Oesophagostomum quadrispinulatum (14.8%), Trichostrongylus colubriformis (10.4%), Trichostrongylus axei (4.3%), Strongyloides ransomi (4.3%), Hyostrongylus rubidus (1.7%), Ascarops strongylina (1.7%) and Physocephalus sexalutus (0.9%). Oesophagostomum dentatum was the most prevalent species (51.9%) in the adult pigs, while Trichuris suis was the most prevalent species (44.3%) in growers. The highest worm counts were recorded in the out door production system. Oesophagostomum quadrispinulatum, Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Trichostrongylus axei, Hyostrongylus rubidus, Ascarops strongylina and Physocephalus sexalutus were recorded in Kenya for the first time. The high prevalence and wide spectrum observed in the present study suggests that helminth infection may be a constraint to economic pig production in the country and there is need to institute control measures.