Evaluation of public private partnership framework in service delivery, city of Nairobi
The City Council of Nairobi, which is responsible for the provision of urban services to the ever growing population, has not been able to keep up with service delivery levels to satisfy the demand. As a result, the urban environment in the city and its environs has continued to deteriorate with poorly maintained public toilets, inadequate street lighting and poorly landscaped urban spaces (streets and outdoor spaces). It is in this light that alternative innovative and efficient means, for urban service delivery away from the traditional ways are explored and tested; e.g. Public Private Partnerships. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the role of Pubic Private Partnerships in the provision of sustainable urban services, where the provision of core civic functions and service delivery, by the traditional providers, the City Council of Nairobi (NCC) have not kept pace with urban growth. This study has been based on a combination of theoretical frameworks as not one theory was found to clearly explain the relationship between Public Private Partnerships and the City Council of Nairobi. These are the Urban Regime Theory, the Classic Economic Theory and the Concept of Organizational Change. However, the study has mostly relied on the Urban Regime Theory to explain the involvement of PPPs in urban Service Delivery Assumptions of this study are that: Urban service delivery will continue to decline unless the concept of Public Private Partnership is entrenched in the local government system. Lack of a clear institutional framework is responsible for the inadequate involvement of partnership institutions in urban service delivery. The policy and institutional framework in Kenya has room for modification to accommodate partnerships on a large scale in efficient and sustainable urban service delivery. The data collected was derived from both primary and secondary sources. Secondary data was obtained from extensive article review of literature on partnership institutions both locally and internationally. Primary data was obtained through the use of institutional questionnaires and checklists to elicit the views on service delivery in the city of Nairobi, the role of PPPs in provision of selected urban service delivery, namely public toilets, street lighting and open spaces and street beautification. Separate questionnaires were also administered to fifty commercial enterprises and to fifty pedestrians within the CBD. Further, the study extensively reviewed the structure of the City Council of Nairobi. Observations of the physical facilities under study in the Central Business District were made captured in the form of photographs Of interest was Nairobi Central Business District Association (NCBDA) that partnered with the Council in the provision of public toilets, Adopt -a- light in the provision of street lighting and the various partners in street beautification. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics that summarized the findings from the study in the form of tables, and graphs or charts.