Analysis of changing positions and interests of stakeholders:
One of the key landmarks in the process of slum upgrading in Kenya is the implementation of the Soweto East pilot project. The project is one of the many projects envisioned in the Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme (KENSUP). The programme was initiated by the UNHabitat and the government of Kenya in 2001 with an aim of improving the livelihoods of people living and working in the slums and informal settlements starting with selected slums of which the area of study was part. Kibera’s Soweto East village was selected as a pilot project owing to its high density and physical characteristics. The process of upgrading this informal settlement has not been without its own challenges including lack of finances, lack of technical capacity, political interference and conflict due to changing positions and interests among stakeholders in the project.