A model for estimating student unit cost and staffing requirements for university programmes with reference to Kenyan public universities.
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A model for the estimation of student unit costs and the staffing requirements for university academic programmes is presented. The development of the model starts off with the specification of a staff distribution matrix, which sets out the proportions of the various staff levels in a given staff category that are needed to service at a particular degree level. The categories of staff considered are teaching (academic), senior administrative, technical, clerical, and semi-skilled. Within a given category of staff are considered various staff levels, e.g. Professor, Senior Lecturer and Lecturer in the case of the teaching staff category. The academic programmes are considered to be taken at the Bachelor's, Master's and the Doctorate degree levels. Ratios between numbers of staff in a given level within a category, as well as ratios of staff within the category needed to service at the various degree levels are specified a priori. Academic (teaching) student-staff ratios for the various programmes are also set out a priori. Student-staff ratios for the other categories of staff are then computationally derived from the academic student-staff ratios. For each staff category a staff distribution matrix is then worked out. With the staff distribution matrix thus specified, the student unit cost and staffing requirement for a given academic programme are computed through various manipulations on the matrix. As a test example, the model is used to estimate student unit cost and staffing requirements for the six public universities in Kenya
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Rintaugu, EG; Mwisukha, A; Amusa, LO; Alcohol consumption among university student athletes is a global health issue attracting attention from different stakeholders. The purpose of this study was to establish the determinants of alcohol consumption among university-student-athletes in Kenya. It was hypothesized that the reasons and consequences of alcohol consumption are sport- related and mediated by selected demographic factors and Parental Social Economic Status (PSES). Data were collected through self- administered questionnaires from 146 subjects made up of 102(69.9%) males and 44 (30.1%) females. The data were analyzed using chi-square and independent t-test. Findings indicated that student athletes consume alcohol mainly for relaxation (120; 82.2%), to overcome shyness (106; 72.6%), and overcome boredom (97; 66.4%). The consequences of alcohol consumption reported were mainly behaviour offensive to others (42; 32.6%), damaged friendships (40; 29.6%), and poor academic performance (34; 26%). However both reasons and consequences of alcohol consumption could not be determined by the selected demographic factors and PSES with the exception of the place of residence (neighbourhood). It is recommended that trainers/coaches need to sensitize the student-athletes to their vulnerability to risks associated with alcohol consumption. Intervention measures and procedures to address alcohol consumption should be multi-faceted and involve sport psychologists and counselors. Future studies should be conducted with high school and elite athletes. (University of Nairobi, 2012)