Ethanol Fuel substitution Through Fumigation
Nyangaya, James A.
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The effects of ethanol fumigation (i.e. the addition of ethanol to the intake air manifold) and ethanol–diesel fuel blends on the performance and emissions of a single cylinder diesel engine have been investigated experimentally and compared. An attempt was made to determine the optimum percentage of ethanol that gives lower emissions and better performance at the same time. This was done by using a simple fumigation technique. The results show that both the fumigation and blends methods have the same behavior in affecting performance and emissions, but the improvement in using the fumigation method was better than when using blends. The optimum percentage for ethanol fumigation is 20%. This percentage produces an increase of 7.5% in brake thermal efficiency, 55% in CO emissions, 36% in HC emissions and reduction of 51% in soot mass concentration. The optimum percentage for ethanol–diesel fuel blends is 15%. This produces an increase of 3.6% in brake thermal efficiency, 43.3% in CO emissions, 34% in HC and a reduction of 32% in soot mass concentration.