A study towards schools' inspection, leadership behaviour and advisory roles in Embu district
Muni, Erastus D K
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The purpose of this study was to investigate public secondary school teachers' attitudes towards School Inspectors, their leadership behaviour and advisory roles. From the year 2004, the title for school inspectors was changed to Quality Assurance and Standards Officers (QASOs). However, the study was conducted before the change of title hence the term school inspectors in used throughout the text. The relationship between teachers' attitudes towards school inspectors with respect to their professional qualifications, professional experience, gender and frequency of inspections were examined. The relationship of these independent variables were studied in relation to school inspectors' advisory role and leadership behaviour. Previous studies on supervision and inspection of schools were discussed in the literature review. A focus on factors affecting supervision of secondary schools, roles and functions of the school inspectors is given. Further the appointment and training of supervisors, sources of conflict as school inspectors perform their roles, previous studies on supervision and inspection of schools and the conceptual framework was discussed. The research methodology outlined the research design, the target population, sample and sampling procedures, research instruments, validity and reliability of the research instruments, data collection and data analysis. The design of the study was expost facto which is a research design where the factors have already occurred and the researcher only observed the dependent factors. The target population for the study was drawn from public secondary school teachers in Embu District where there were fifty eight (S8) registered public secondary schools. The staff establishment in these schools was six hundred and twenty five (62S) teachers with three hundred and twenty four (324) male and three hundred and one (301) female. A sample of two hundred and fifty (2S0) teachers was randomly selected from fifty (SO) schools. A questionnaire for teachers was used as the research instrument. The questionnaire solicited the personal data of the teachers and questions about their job. An attitude scale on inspectors' advisory role, leadership styles and visits to schools was used to collect data on teachers' attitudes towards school inspectors. A number of open ended questions were included to elicit the opinion on whether schools should be inspected and the shortcomings of school inspectors. Teachers were asked to give suggestions on how the quality of work of the school inspectors could be improved and to give possible problem/constraints the school inspectors face while doing their work. The test for the validity and reliability of the research instrument, thirty (30) teachers from eight (8) schools were involved at the pilot stage. The consistency of the test was determined through split half correlation. Finally, the data was analyzed using means, percentages, t-tests and analysis of variance (ANOVA). The open ended items were analyzed using frequencies and percentages.