Training needs of public secondary school headteachers in Nandi South District, Kenya
Cheruiyot, Daniel K
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The purpose of the study was to determine the training needs of headteachers in public secondary schools in Nandi South District and also to find out if there were any relationships between training needs of headteachers and some selected variables. The objectives of the study were; to identify the training needs of the headteachers and to establish areas of in-service training perceived by the headteachers as necessary to improve their administrative skills. Also, the study was aimed at determining whether there were relationships between the identified training needs and some selected variables. These variables were gender, academic qualifications, teaching experience, professional qualifications, experience in headship and present grades of the headteachers. A conceptual framework of the study was formulated based on identification of formal training of headteachers in colleges and Universities, ending with the provision of training and evaluation of training effectiveness. All the six identified independent variables were captured in the framework. The literature review was organized in the following themes; Role of the secondary school headteachers; Administrative tasks of secondary school headteachers; Training needs of secondary school headteachers both in Global and Kenyan perspectives, and finally, a summary of the literature reviewed. In the study, null hypothesis was employed. The hypotheses of the study were; there was no significant relationship between the headteachers' gender and training needs; there was no significant relationship between the headteachers' educational levels and training needs, and there was no significant relationship between the headteachers' teaching experience and their training needs. The study further sought out to test the following hypotheses; there was no significant relationship between the headteachers' professional qualifications and their training needs; there was no significant relationship between the headteachers' experience in headship and their training needs, and finally, there was no significant relationship between the headteachers' present grades and their training needs. The research design used in the study was a survey and the target population was 43 headteachers of public secondary schools in Nandi South District. Sampling technique employed in the study was a three stage sampling procedure. At the initial stage, proportional stratified sampling was used. At the second stage, was stratification of the cluster of schools and finally simple random sampling technique was used. However, in a situation were only one school ruet the selection criteria, purposive sampling technique was used. A pilot study was done in order to determine the reliability and the validity of the research instrument. Item difficulty or ambiguity was sorted out by the researcher before the main study. Data analysis was done by use of descriptive statistics, that is by presentation of tables of frequencies and percentages and also by use of Inferential statistics. Inferential statistics employed in the study were the use of Chisquare (X2) test and Pearson Product - Moment Correlation (r) in order to the test the hypotheses. In the study, the following were the research findings; Gender Variation does not in anyway influence the levels of training needs, there is a positive relationship the headteachers' educational levels and the training needs on both student and personnel management tasks; There is also a strong positive relationship between the headteachers' teaching experience and training needs on both curriculum and instruction, and finance and business management tasks. There is also, a positive relationship, though weak, between the headteachers' experience in headship and training needs on both curriculum and instruction, and finance and business management tasks. There is no, relationship between the headteachers' professional qualifications and all the levels of training needs. Finally, there is a strong positive relationship between the headteachers' present grades and training needs on both school plant organization a~d school community relations tasks. The researcher recommends that training programmes should be mounted by Kenya Education Staff Institute (KESI), Teachers Service Commission (TSC), Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (MOEST) and Kenya Secondary School Heads Association (KSSHA) for headteachers in all the administrative tasks of the headteachers. The areas that headteachers should train in as a matter of paramount importance are on, Curriculum and Instruction, Finance and Business Management, School Community Relations and School Plant Organization tasks. The researcher suggests that: A study should be done to find out why there is a high turnover of headteachers in secondary schools; a study should also be conducted to investigate why there are no, or fewer if any, female teachers heading mixed secondary schools; a study too, should be carried out to find out factors affecting acceptability of the headteachers by the community and sustenance of the schools' stability and that the study should be replicated in other districts, at different period of time and in a larger area probably the whole province to see if the findings hold the same.