Women and gender roles in the fisheries sector for sustainable livelihoods in Busia district: a case study of Funyula division.
This work examines the women and gender roles in the fisheries sector amongst the fishing community of Busia district. The study analyzed fishing as a human activity, which enables the fishing community of Busia district to ensure food security and enhanced livelihoods. The aim of the study was to look at the socio-cultural and structural factors, which deprive women opportunities in controlling the sector. The results of this study were to be used in enhancing a sustainable fishing activity for both men and women. The study population comprised of adult women and men engaged directly or indirectly in fishing activities for food security and for sustaining their livelihoods. The probability and none-probability sampling techniques were used in selecting (100) participants. The questionnaires and key informants guide were used for data collection. This being a qualitative study; the data was sorted out, interpreted and described in the context of the study objectives and study questions. The research findings suggest that towards sustainable livelihoods amongst the fishing community of Busia district the roles of man and woman would be necessary in the sector. The study found out that women's rights, privileges and opportunities in the fisheries sector are subordinated by the society. The traditional and cultural, social and religious norms and values coupled with political and economic factors contribute to the subordinations subjected to women's activities. These have prevented women from effective participation equally with their men counterparts in sustainable utilization of the communal resources. The study recommended that for effective food security and sustainable livelihoods; emancipation of women in the fisheries sector is primary. This requires looking into gender relations and positions to create equalities in engaging women in development strategies and policy making, organizations, institutionalized credit and financial systems to be beneficial to women and men initiatives.