Characteristics associated with upward mobility of women in organizations: A survey of women employees in the banking sector in Nairobi
The survey for the study reported here was carried out between 16th July and 28th August 2001. The study sought to investigate the characteristics associated with upward mobility of women in Kenyan organizations in the banking industry. The population of interest in the study consisted of all women employees in the banking industry in Nairobi. The information was collected using a drop-and-pick later questionnaire completed by eighty five women ranging from Clerk, supervisor, Officer, Assistant Manager and Manager, from seventeen banks sampled from the forty eight banks operating in Nairobi. It was found that age, marital status, educational background, organization size, fear of success and fear of appearing incompetent influence upward mobility of women in the banking industry. One major issue that was found is that women in management levels in the banks are either single or divorced. Banks may need to have work life and family friendly policies to help women who rise up to management positions accommodate the balance between work and family responsibilities. However, more investigation into the cause of this scenario would be necessary. From the foregoing, it is evident that banks in Kenya may need to seriously address their work policies as relates to women to minimize the constraints facing women in moving up the organizational ladder.