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dc.contributor.authorMaingi, N
dc.contributor.authorKrecek, RC
dc.identifier.citationVeterinary Parasitology Vol. 122 Issue 3, 14 July 2004. pp.233-244.en
dc.description.abstractA laboratory trial to determine the efficacy of two methods in recovering known numbers of third-stage (L3) strongylid nematode larvae from herbage was carried out. Herbage samples consisting almost entirely of star grass (Cynodon aethiopicus) that had no L3 nematode parasitic larvae were collected at Onderstepoort, South Africa. Two hundred grams samples were placed in fibreglass fly gauze bags and seeded with third-stage strongylid nematode larvae at 11 different levels of herbage infectivity ranging from 50 to 8000 L3/kg. Eight replicates were prepared for each of the 11 levels of herbage infectivity. Four of these were processed using a modified automatic Speed Queen heavy-duty washing machine at a regular normal cycle, followed by isolation of larvae through centrifugation–flotation in saturated sugar solution. Larvae in the other four samples were recovered after soaking the herbage in water overnight and the larvae isolated with the Baermann technique of the washing. There was a strong correlation between the number of larvae recovered using both methods and the number of larvae in the seeded samples, indicating that the two methods give a good indication of changes in the numbers of larvae on pasture if applied in epidemiological studies. The washing machine method recovered higher numbers of larvae than the soaking and Baermann method at all levels of pasture seeding, probably because the machine washed the samples more thoroughly and a sugar centrifugation–flotation step was used. Larval suspensions obtained using the washing machine method were therefore cleaner and thus easier to examine under the microscope. In contrast, the soaking and Baermann method may be more suitable in field-work, especially in places where resources and equipment are scarce, as it is less costly in equipment and less labour intensive. Neither method recovered all the larvae from the seeded samples. The recovery rates for the washing machine method ranged from 18 to 41% while those for the soaking and Baermann method ranged from 0 to 27%. Practical application of the two methods to estimate the number of nematode larvae on pastures without applying a correction factor would therefore result in a significant underestimation. This study provides a model, which can be applied in various laboratories to determine the larval recovery rates for techniques being used and the application of a correction factor when estimating the actual numbers of larvae on pastureen
dc.publisherUniversity of Nairobien
dc.titleComparison of two techniques used for the recovery of third-stage strongylid nematode Larvae from Herbageen
local.publisherDepartment of Veterinary Pathology, Micribiology and parasitology, University of Nairobi, Kenyaen

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