Retention Behavior of Metal Particle Dispersions in Aqueous and Nonaqueous Carriers in Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation
Shiundu, Paul M.
Williams, S. Kim Ratanathanawongs
Mungutia, Stephen M
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Until quite recently, theories on thermophoresis of particles predicted very low thermophoretic velocities of metal particles in liquids. This prediction was based on the understanding that the very high thermal conductivities of metals relative to most liquid media resulted in quite low temperature gradients across the metal particle thereby leading to low net force on the particle. In this paper, we report the retention behavior of submicrometer size metal particles of silver (Ag), gold (Au), palladium (Pd) and platinum (Pt) suspended in both aqueous and organic (specifically, acetonitrile and tetrahydrofuran) carrier liquids in thermal field-flow fractionation (ThFFF). The dependence of the metal particle retention on various factors such as particle composition, amount of added electrolyte, carrier liquid composition, field strength, channel thickness, and carrier flow-rate is evaluated and discussed. A comparison in particle retention behavior among equal-sized metal, latex and silica particles is also provided.