Irrigation Scheme or mosquito hazard A case study in Mwea Irrigation Scheme
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A survey of the mosquito fauna in the Mwea-Tebere Irrigation Scheme in Kenya was conducted between 1984 and 1985. Two genera, Anopheles and Culex were found indoors in large numbers. The major species were Anopheles gambiae s.l., Anopheles pharoensis, and Culex quinquefasciatus, comprising 66% and 21% of the total catch, respectively. The large numbers of mosquitoes found resting indoors showed seasonal population fluctuations. The seasonal population increases observed were due to the availability of larval breeding conditions over a long period of time and to man-made environmental changes. These changes included irrigation canals and rice paddies. The irrigation canals and rice paddies were flooded from August till December, thus linking the flooding effects of the two rainy seasons. This enabled mosquitoes to breed continuously for up to 9 months per year.