The effect of hiv/aids related deaths on the education of secondary school orphans in Winam Division, Of Kisumu District
Tado, Edna AJ
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HIV/AIDS is a new disease which is spreading very fast in our communities and globally (Dr. Millina Ericks, medical Doctor in the USA and Moses Pudo, a leading counselor' in Kenya, in Lets Talk about HIV/AIDS; 2000). The study will therefore address what the community in general, and the government in particular can do to support school going orphans in Secondary schools, in Winam Division, Kisumu District. The study has set objectives to examine the effect of the death of HIV IAIDS parents on the quality of education subsequent orphans receive. The retention of HIV IAIDS orphans in Secondary Schools, the socio-economic and socio-cultural factors that affect their education, and the adequacy of the government assistance ill' the education of the orphans. Ex-post facto research design will be used to determine the effects of HIVIAIDS parental deaths on school going orphans. An ex-post facto design involves a study of phenomenon as related to a naturalistically accuracy treatment after the occurrence (Kathuri and Pals, 1993). The Ex-post facto design is suitable because the deaths have occurred and the orphans are in existence. A survey methodology will be employed }O examine the effects of parental deaths on the education of tilt subsequent secondary School orphans in Winam Division, Kisumu District. Structured questionnaire will be used to gather data. Out of the total population of the respondents in the mandate area, 5 schools will be randomly identified from a list of all schools; seven orphans will be randomly selected and interviewed. This will make a total of 35 orphans. Five homes will be randomly .selected to be used and to select two orphans who have dropped out of school and interviewed. This will make a total of 10 orphans. The grand total of orphans to be interviewed will therefore be 45. This will be within the sample size required as suggested by Kathuri and Pals (1993). The findings reveal that most participants were going to school at an older age than expected. The death of parents affect the quality of education they receive since most had to move to cheaper and more affordable schools. The retention in school is affected by socio-cultural factors. The assistance from the government is most inadequate. The evidence from the study shows that a lot more needs to be done for the HIV/AIDS orphans by way of full payment of school fees, financially and psychologically assisting both orphans and their guardians. The government also needs to look into other issues affecting orphans by carrying out investigations which will involve all stakeholders like, the Ministry of Home Affairs Children Department, Ministry of Education to address these issues exhaustively.