Cefotaxime treatment of Haemophilus ducreyi infection in Kenya.
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The authors conducted a double-blind randomized clinical trial comparing single-dose cefotaxime (1 g im) plus daily placebo injections with cefotaxime (1 g im on each of three days). Each regimen was given with probenicid (1 g orally) for the treatment of chancroid. Twenty Haemophilus ducreyi culture-positive men received the single-dose cefotaxime regimen; in eight patients ulcers or buboes failed to respond to therapy. Nineteen H. ducreyi culture-positive men received cefotaxime on each of three days; H. ducreyi was eradicated from all patients, but one had a continuing ulcer and another had a bubo that failed to respond. Thus cefotaxime (1 g im daily for three days) plus probenicid (1 g orally) is effective therapy for chancroid. The lack of efficacy for chancroid of the single-dose cefotaxime regimen is surprising, given the remarkable susceptibility of H. ducreyi to cefotaxime; presumably the half-life of cefotaxime is too short for predictable eradication of H. ducreyi from the ulcer with a single-dose regimen.