Headtechars' strategies on internal efficiency in provision of education in public primary schools in Embakasi district, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to investigate the strategies head teachers use to enhance internal efficiency in the provision of education in public primary schools in Embakasi district. The study sought to achieve the following objectives; to establish the head teachers' recruitment strategies in enrollment and retention of pupils in public primary schools; to examine the head teachers supervisory strategies in managing teaching and learning resources influencing enrollment and retention in public primary schools; to determine the head teachers' communication strategies in controlling pupils school attendance on enrollment and retention in public primary schools and to investigate the head teachers motivation strategies on pupils and teachers in enhancing enrollment and retention in public primary schools. The study used a descriptive .survey design. Purposive sampling technique was used to identify class seven and eight pupils for the study. Out of the total population simple random sampling was used to select 5 standard seven pupils and 5 standard eight pupils in each school totaling to 10 (ten) pupils hence the total population was 180 pupils. In order to address the research objectives and research questions data was collected by use of questionnaires, focus group discussion guide (FOO) and an observation check list were also used. The findings were made from the study; the head teachers took all important measures to help retain pupils in schools, head teachers referred absentees to the guidance and counseling teachers to help the pupils be retained in schools, it is through communication that head teachers provided information necessary for smooth running of the school, through giving rewards the head teachers motivated both . the teachers and pupils. The following recommendations were made from the study; the head teachers should enroll all children of school going age without discrimination. The reasons for the pupils dropping out of school were poverty, drug abuse and negligence from both the parents! guardian. The head teachers encouraged remedial classes. Guidance and counseling should be offered in all schools, as this will encourage the pupils to open up and talk about their problems back at home. The head teacher should use community strategies effectively in order to encourage more pupils to be retained in school. The head teachers who motivate their pupils and teachers, usually help· them work hard for a common goal.