Urban self-employment in Kenya: Panacea or viable strategy?
House, William J
Ikiara, Gerrishon K
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Kenya's employment challenge is daunting, given the country's continuing rapid population growth and already significant unemployment. Government documents give high priority to the promotion of rural nonagricultural self-employment, especially to stem migration, and to self-employment in urban small-scale enterprises. Yet formidable obstacles to self-employment remain. After placing urban self-employment in its broader employment context, this study examines the barriers to entry and growth in self-employment, especially the difficulties encountered by small-scale, unregistered, nonagricultural activities in urban areas. The study then reviews existing policies and programs aimed at supporting such activities and points to the need for more comprehensive policy analysis and reform.