Factors affecting students' performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Examinations: the case of Mandera East District
The performance by candidates in KCSE examinations has been worrying over time. This is despite the heavy financial and material investment from the government, parents, teachers and other stakeholders put in place with the anticipation that the students will end up performing better. Poor performance leads to educational wastage through the repeaters and dropouts. This kind of performance endangers the student's chances for future jobs and placements as well as reducing the chances of meaningful participation in the general national development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the students' performance in KCSE examinations in Mandera East District. The study was conducted through the ex-post design. The target population consisted of all form four students, teachers, head teachers, principals and school managers. Data was collected using the self administered questionnaires. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to answer the research questions and objectives in relation to the topic. From the findings, it 'can be concluded that teachers and students' characteristics were very significant in influencing KCSE examinations' performance, the entry marks of the students into secondary school affect performance by the same students' in KCSE examinations, availability of resources by the school significantly affected performance in KCSE examination and class size does affect performance. Based on the findings and conclusions of the study recommends those teachers' qualifications are significant in influencing a student's performance in KCSE examination; they ought to be provided with opportunities for more exposure through inservice training and workshop programmes. The schools should strive to provide adequate resources. In situations where the schools are limited in ways of finances, improvisations ought to be encouraged where possible. Discipline should be enhanced among the learners since this was a problem hindering good performance in KCSE examination. Arrangement could be made by the schools so that they can identify the very needy students financially and look into ways of assisting them through the Constituency Development Fund (CD F) and the ministry of Education bursaries.