A study of traditional industries in bungoma district, 1.850-1960: the case of the Babukusu
Nangulu, Anne K
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This is a study of pre-colonial African technology with special emphasis on Bukusu traditional industries between 1850 - 1960. The study delves into ceremic manufacture, iron working, basketry, leatherwork, clothing and adornment, woodwork and related industries in Bungoma District. The work relies on oral traditions as a primary source. Unpublished works like articles, theses and books supplement accounts derived from oral traditions. Archival sources in particular those in Kenya National achieves were extensively used. The study describes the Bukusu traditional industries and analyses methods, techniques and processes of production. In addition, it analyses types, uses and distribution of industrial products. The study also examines the impact ofcolonialism on Bukusu traditional industries; documenting the adoptation of these industries to the changing circumstances within the Bukusu society. Some·historical forces behind the persistence of specific traditional industries during the colonial period are investigated and analysed. In short, the study has done the following: recorded the Bukusu traditional industries, and shown how the Babukusu harnessed the environment for survival. It has also increased our knowledge and understanding of African technology, in particular it has corrected the notion which equates "the pre-colonial" with pre-industrial. Over and above all this, the study has restored technology to its proper and integrated place in African economics in general and the Babukusu one in particular through time.