Microscopic changes in infected bovine teats.
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Two hundred and fifty-two teats from the udder quarters of 68 dairy cows were studied by bacteriological examination of quarter milk samples and microscopic examination of the teats. Of 252 quarters, 169 teats showed inflammatory changes, while 83 were of normal appearance. The inflammatory changes consisted of either neutrophil infiltrations, mononuclear cell infiltrations and fibrosis, or a combination of these changes. The reaction was restricted to the teat cisterns and/or Fürstenberg's rosettes, but very rarely also in the teat canal. In 136 of 169 cases, the inflammatory reaction was associated with bacteria in the milk, while in 33 cases no bacteria could be recovered from milk, in spite of inflammatory changes in the teat structures. Only 36 of 83 of normal teats were bacteriologically positive.