The downsizing and survivors' motivation in state corporations: a case study of Agricultural Finance Corporation of Kenya (AFC)
This is a research based on downsizing effects in an organization, and the individual. However, this research, at the individual level, focused specifically on the effects of downsizing on the survivors' motivation of the organization. Downsizing refers to activities undertaken by management to improve the efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness of the organization by reducing the workforce size. Many researchers explain the types of response they expect from survivors of a corporate downsizing. The research investigated a number of objectives related to downsizing of the organization: In identifying job insecurity, the intervention by the management to the survivors; the strategies which could improve the survivors' motivation and which gave the researcher the research questions. The major concern of this study was to find out the issues involved with survivors' downsizing of an organization. The purpose was to give a better understanding, of the downsizing of survivors' motivation. The individual downsizing studies are the sources of the variables used to measure motivation and attitudes prevalent among downsizing survivors. Downsizing provides a unique chance to improve motivation by fundamentally changing the culture, and operations of an organization. The management carries out downsizing exercises that pay inefficient attention to the psychological and emotional effects on survivors. However, research show that organizations have many conceptions surrounding the effects on downsizing on survivors which have been neglected and remained unreported. The problem statement is that downsizing, including retail, industrial, managerial, and office jobs, impacting workers in a wide range of income levels. Over the time, the meaning of downsizing may have changed slightly however, the ultimate goal of improving operating efficiency seems to still hold true. The findings also reveals a significant difference in work attitudes after downsizing. However, very little if any significant concern or plan had been discussed about survivors and no sufficient information despite the wide report on downsizing of organizations. The researcher therefore would like to point out the gap left on downsizing effects on survivors' motivation. The study justifies that it is important for the survivors to get support and services. The information drawn from the literature as well as from the collected data after downsizing, to demonstrate the key effects on survivors' motivation. The results of this research gave a summary, conclusion and recommendation of the study. The case study took place in one of the state corporations, Agricultural Finance Co-orporation CAFC) Head Office, Nairobi Kenya.