Endometritis in the mare: A comparison between reproductive history and uterine biopsy as techniques for predicting susceptibility of mares to uterine infection
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Thirty mares with no clinical signs of endometritis were categorized as being susceptible or resistant to uterine infection depending on whether or not they had a history of recurrent endometritis. The same mares were then independently classified as susceptible or resistant on the basis of their uterine biopsies; those with significant endometrial degeneration were considered to be susceptible to endometritis. The mares then received an intrauterine inoculation of pathogenic Streptococcus zooepidemicus . Those mares which eliminated bacteria by 10 d after inoculation were considered truly resistant to endometritis, whereas those still infected at 10 d were considered susceptible. The original classifications based on history or biopsy were compared to the inoculation results. A history of recurrent endometritis provided a more sensitive (0.90) and specific (0.95) indication of susceptibility to uterine infection than a uterine biopsy with significant endometrial degeneration (sensitivity 0.5, specificity 0.75).