The impact of Ixodiphagus hookeri, a tick parasitoid, on Ambl yomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) in a field trial in Kenya
Kaaya Godwin P.
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In an experiment to investigate the effect of the tick parasitoid, Ixodiphagus hookeri, on tick numbers on cattle, 150 000 parasitoids were released over a period of 1 year in a field where ten cattle infested with multiple tick species were kept. Amblyomma variegatum was reduced from 44 to two ticks per animal while Rhipicephalus appendiculatus increased over the time of parasitoid release. During the time of release 51% of the nymphs of A. variegatum collected from the animals were parasitized. The recovery of the parasitoids after the releases were stopped was only 9%. The total numbers of A. variegatum remained low up to 1 year after the parasitoid release was stopped. This study gives an insight into how I. hookeri could be used strategically for the management of A. variegatum on small-scale farms.